Its theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behavior. In this essay I will be discussing what is actually meant by this and whether psychology fits into both the traditional views of a science, as well as more contemporary perspectives. Psychology on the other hand, is arguably a relatively new domain that has been studied as a distinct discipline in its own right for only a couple of hundred years (Danziger, 2013). Psychology Journal of Humanistic Psychology, vol. Nowadays the idea of psychology as a science seems so natural to us, but it was not always like this. It is also likely that a researcher can never be completely certain that their hypothesis is true because psychological processes occur in the mind and are not readily accessible. It is evident that there is a division within psychology as to how scientific it should be, which is determined by one’s perspective and priorities. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. I will outline the behaviourist approach, the psychoanalytical approach, the cognitive approach, the humanistic approach and the biological approach. Gardner, H., (2008)The Mind’s New Science: A History of the Cognitive Revolution. 3, pp. DEFINITIONS OF PSYCHOLOGY Is psychology a science? 1133 Words5 Pages. Looking for a flexible role? 10FRIDAY2020 can only be used on orders that are under 14 days delivery. The data needs to undergo direct statistical analyses, and if the data supports the predictions made at the outset then the result is viewed as confirming the theory in this instance. Indeed, Carl Rogers developed client-centred therapy and was considered at one point the most influential psychologist in America (Elkins, 2008). Lilienfeld, S. O., (2010) Can psychology become a science? 12, pp. 4, pp. Furthermore, some psychologists argue that psychology as a whole should be scientific and can be improved by following scientific principles (Lilienfeld, 2010). To answer this question I feel it is important to understand the definitions of psychology and science. Psychological Methods, vol. Padoa-Schioppa, C., (2008) The syllogism of neuro-economics. Lindberg, D. C., (2010) The Beginnings of Western Science: The European Scientific Tradition in Philosophical, Religious, and Institutional Context, Prehistory to AD 1450. Journal of Documentation,vol. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on the UKDiss.com website then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Company Registration No: 4964706. Before I had ever begun to ponder cognitive abilities, or understand the connections between Dopamine and schizophrenia, my concepts of psychology were shaped by the perverse world of popular culture. Introspection forms no essential part of its methods, nor is the scientific value of its data dependent upon the readiness with which they lend themselves to interpretation in terms of consciousness" -John B. Watson Predictability in empirical research is important because in this way, researchers can estimate or forecast future behaviour from their results. Broadly speaking, science is concerned with the objective, logical study of the material world based on fact, and not opinion or intuition. I will therefore examine whether it could be, Reflecting on Psychology as a Science 10, no. WebMD, Inc., The article is about the importance of psychology, the article is written by the Downs Martin in the year of 2005. Personality and Individual Differences, vol. In addition, much of the research in psychology does not employ double-blind procedures, even in studies of a clinical nature where it would be advantageous to do so (Lilienfeld, 2010). Evidence in support of psychology’s scientific nature emphasises the benefits of conducting psychology research in line with the principles of hypothetico-deductivism such as greater control, replicability, and robust statistical analyses.
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